HTML File Formats: All You Need To Know!

The internet has become a hub of information, entertainment and creativity. To power this ever-growing network of websites and web content, HTML is the underlying language. HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language and is used to format web pages and other digital media. However, for these files to be accessible on the web, they need to be in certain formats called “HTML file formats” that are readable by browsers like Chrome, Firefox and Safari.

In this article, we will explore all you need to know about HTML file formats so you can make sure your website runs optimally!

What is an HTML File Extension?

An HTML file extension is used to signify that a file is an HTML document. HTML files are text documents that are formatted using HTML code. They can be created and edited using a text editor, or they can be created using an HTML editor.

HTML files are saved with the .html or .htm file extension. The difference between the two is that .html files are typically served by web servers, while .htm files are generally downloaded and viewed locally on a user’s computer.

HTML documents can contain links to other resources, such as images, style sheets, and JavaScript files. They can also be used to create dynamic content, such as forms or voting systems.

Applications of HTML Files

HTML files are used to create and format web pages. They can be created using a text editor, such as Notepad or TextEdit, or a web authoring tool, such as Adobe Dreamweaver.

Once created, HTML files can be viewed in any web browser. They can also be uploaded to a web server for others to view.

HTML files are written in a markup language that defines the structure and content of a web page. The code is written in tags, which are enclosed in angle brackets.

Most tags have an opening tag and a closing tag, with the content of the page appearing between them. For example, the opening tag indicates the start of an HTML document, while the closing tag indicates the end of the document.

Other tags, such as <img> and <br>, do not have a closing tag. These are called empty elements and are used to insert images and break lines, respectively.

The order of the tags in an HTML file is important. Tags must be nested within each other in a specific order to create a well-formed document.

Pros and Cons of HTML Files

When it comes to HTML files, there are a few things you should know. Here are some pros and cons of using HTML files:

Pros Of Using HTML Files

  • HTML is a very versatile format that can be used for a variety of purposes.
  • HTML files are easy to create and edit.
  • HTML files can be opened in any text editor, making them accessible to anyone.
  • HTML files are small in size, making them quick to download.

Cons Of Using HTML Files

  • HTML files can be difficult to read if they are not well-written.
  • HTML files can be hard to update if there are a lot of them.

How To Open HTML Files?

Assuming you have an HTML file saved on your computer, there are a couple different ways you can open it. The most common way is to double-click the file, which should open in your default web browser (like Chrome or Safari).

If that doesn’t work, or if you want to use a different program to open the file, right-click on the HTML file and select “Open With.” This should give you a list of programs that can be used to open the file.

Select the program you want to use and make sure the box next to “Always use this app” is checked, then click “OK.” The HTML file should now open in the selected program.

How To Edit HTML Files?

Assuming you have some basic HTML knowledge, here is how you go about editing an HTML file:

  1. Open the file in your preferred text editor. For most people, this will be a program like Microsoft Word or TextEdit.
  2. Edit the content of the file as you see fit. Remember to save your changes regularly!
  3. Once you are satisfied with your changes, preview the file in a web browser to make sure everything looks as it should.
  4. If everything looks good, upload the edited file to your web server and voilà! Your changes are now live for the world to see.

Some Common Issues While Opening HTML File Extensions

If you’re having trouble opening HTML files, it could be for a number of reasons. Perhaps the file extension is incorrect, or the file might be corrupt. In some cases, your computer might not have the right software to open HTML files.

Here are some common issues that can occur while trying to open HTML files:

  • The file extension is incorrect. Make sure the file extension is “.html” or “.htm”.
  • The file is corrupt. Try opening the file in a different program or converting it to a different format.
  • Your computer doesn’t have the right software to open HTML files. Try downloading a program like Adobe Dreamweaver or Microsoft Visual Studio Code.

File Extension Similar To HTML

When it comes to HTML file formats, there are a few things that you should know. For starters, there is no one “HTML” file format. In fact, there are a number of different file formats that can be used for storing and displaying HTML content.

The most common file format for HTML files is the “.html” format. This is the standard file extension for most web pages and is what most web browsers will expect when looking for HTML content. However, there are other file formats that can be used for HTML files as well.

One popular alternative to the “.html” file format is the “.htm” file format. This file format is often used by Microsoft Word and other word processing applications when saving HTML files.

While this file format can be opened and viewed in most web browsers, it may not display correctly in all browsers.

Another popular alternative to the “.html” file format is the “.xhtml” file format. This file format is similar to XML and can be read by many web browsers. However, this file format is not as widely supported as the “.html” or “.htm” formats.

Finally, there is the “.php” file format. This file format is commonly used on websites that use the PHP programming language. While this file format can be opened in most web browsers, it will not display correctly in all browsers.

Final Thoughts

When it comes to HTML file formats, there are three main ones that you need to know about: HTML, XHTML, and XML. HTML is the most common file format used on the web, while XHTML is a more strict version of HTML that is slowly becoming more popular. XML is a less commonly used file format that is more flexible than both HTML and XHTML.

So, which one should you use? If you’re just starting out with web development, then HTML is the best place to start. Once you’ve got a handle on the basics of HTML, you can move on to learning XHTML or XML if you want to.

However, if you’re working on a project that requires a specific file format (such as an XML-based RSS feed), then you’ll need to use that file format.

In general, though, HTML is the most widely used file format on the web and will likely be what you use most often.